The comments from Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto came after he said "comfort women" — who most historians agree were pressed into sexual slavery for the Japanese imperial army during the Second World War — served a "necessary" role by keeping soldiers in line. The outrage came on the day Okinawa marked the 41st anniversary of its reversion to Japan at the end of post-war US occupation and after comments on history that provoked ire in South Korea and China. Up towomen from Korea, China, the Philippines and elsewhere were forcibly drafted into brothels catering to the Japanese military in territories occupied by Japan during the Second World War, according to many mainstream historians.
Ra Mason does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. Debates over the future of the base have been rumbling for decades but, despite the decision to relocate the facility, decisive action to resolve the situation is so far not forthcoming.
It draws on the existing literature on prostitution from Japan and abroad, the publications of the International Abolitionist Federation IAFand the records of local governments, among other sources. In the following two sections, it turns to the influence of the American Plan on the reorganization of the Japanese prostitution system during the Occupation era, and the participation of Japanese feminists in that process. Finally, the essay concludes by problematizing the affinities between the system of prostitution prevention and the US—Japan security alliance.
Desperate as some of the businesses are, however, many still decline one type of customer: US military servicemen. The soap-land businesses that do admit Americans tend to pair them with older, more experienced women. Okinawa has lived uneasily for decades with its huge American military presence. The controversies associated with such a huge deployment are legion; inshortly after the start of the Vietnam war, 13, tons of poison gas including sarin and VX leaked from a storage base in Okinawa, causing residents to be evacuated and environmental damage that prevailed for years.
Voters on the Japanese island of Okinawa will vote this weekend in a referendum on the relocation of a US military base. They are expected to overwhelmingly reject it, but the government has indicated it will ignore local sentiment and press ahead. The facility has attracted frequent complaints about crimenoise and the threat of aircraft accidents in an area close to homes and schools.
The 6-ft. He goes on trial next month in a proceeding that could last as long as a year. He has already been through Japan's standard detention period days in his case but sometimes as long as during which a suspect is questioned without the presence of a lawyer.
Photograph: Reuters. We have to think about the way they can let it out somewhere. The son of a small-time gangster, Mr Hashimoto is tipped as a future prime minister, despite a string of controversial bon mots.
The fighting on Zamami, south of the main Okinawan island, was the prelude to three months of carnage that took somelives, about half of them Okinawan men, women and children. Many civilians, often entire families, committed suicide rather than surrender to Americans, by some accounts on the orders of fanatical Japanese soldiers. Picture taken March 28,
At that time, the Spotmatic was the most popular camera among professional photographers around the world. I really don't want to discuss my first trip off post, which occurred only three hours after I landed on Okinawa. You see, we newly arrived soldiers were supposed to stay on our posts for our first three days there, so our Army ID Cards were taken away from us when we landed and kept from us for our first three days on the island.
Prostitution in Japan has existed throughout the country's history. While the Anti-Prostitution Law of states that "No person may either do prostitution or become the customer of it", loopholes, liberal interpretations and loose enforcement of the law have allowed the sex industry to prosper and earn an estimated 2. From the 15th century, ChineseKoreansand other East Asian visitors frequented brothels in Japan. This practice later continued among visitors from " the Western regions", mainly European traders who often came with their South Asian lascar crew in addition to African crew members, in some cases.